Journey around the World of Seeds Cafe!
Beans were widely disseminated throughout the world today, is the result of a historical journey world-class. It is a story mixing between religion, slavery, smuggling trips and love, a story can only be told when we put together between the truth and the word of mouth.
Coffee was discovered at least a millennium ago. But no one can be sure, but the origin of Arabica beans in South Sudan is said and Ethiopia, while West Africa is the cradle of Robusta. Even before the beans are processed as they are today, fruits and coffee leaves have been utilized by increased energy effects. The herdsmen wandering beans mixed with fat and spices to create the "energy candy bar" in their long journeys. Many other places, people boil the leaves and pods to make drinks.
Story is told that coffee was brought to Yemen and Arabia by the African slave trade union. In the 14th century, a Sufi religious people prefer a tea made from the berries and named it as "quishr" or "Arabian wine," because it helps them stay awake during the overnight vigil . News spread, and gradually appear territories where merchants and scholars can drink quishr and interact with each other, and are called "school of the wise". Although many fear cleared quishr not fit their beliefs, the "cafe" Primeval remain open regularly, and beans is becoming increasingly popular.
Around the 15th century, the Arabs began roasting and grinding coffee beans to create the drinks are very similar to today, before it was popular in Turkey, Egypt and North Africa.
SPREAD THE SAME colonialism
Exclusive in the coffee trade, the Arabs very strict protection items, they even boiled beans so that no one can any longer arable. But in the early 16th century, a Sufi religious people smuggling beans from Yemen to India, and a Dutch traders smuggled back from Yemen and planted seedlings them in Amsterdam. At the end of the 17th century, coffee was widely grown in the colonies of the Netherlands, especially in Malaysia.
The colonies in the Caribbean and South America began to grow coffee in the early 17th century when the Dutch coffee plantation in Suriname and then donated the seedlings to France, the French brought with them to Haiti, Martinique, Guiana , while the British brought coffee from Haiti to Jamaica.
In 1727, the Portuguese sent a naval officer from Brazil to Guiana to retrieve the nutty nuts. The story goes that he flatly denied. And instead of returning empty-handed, he had deliberately officers glamorous wife of the Governor, and persuaded her to secretly smuggled him a bunch of seedlings. So from South Africa and the Caribbean, coffee spread to Central America and Mexico. By the end of the 18th century, the seedlings being sent back to the African colony, and so far is around the world, especially Asia.
JOURNEY TO VIETNAM
Initially, the coffee is grown in the church premises in the provinces of North and North Central, a few decades later with the Ban Me Thuot in the French colonial policy promoted colonial exploitation.
- Vietnam began producing coffee since 1857.
- 1912 - 1914, was the French coffee plantation focus formal, large-scale in Buon Ma Thuot.
- 1931, the coffee plantations of the French in Buon Ma Thuot has reached the development potential prosperity through the land, the climate and the use of cheap labor. Robusta was selected over several decades, become the main varieties of coffee in Dak Lak.
- Arrive before 1975, Dak Lak has 8.600ha Robusta output of 11,000 tons / year. Buon Ma Thuot Coffee Robusta was consumers worldwide admiration by natural taste, tasty, not bitter coffee as rosbusta in many countries. This once again confirms, Ban Me Thuot is the land suitable for coffee in the world the most.
In 2009, Brazil is the largest coffee producer in the world, followed by Vietnam, Indonesia and Colombia. Arabica coffee beans grown in Latin America, East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Asia. Robusta coffee beans are grown in West and Central Africa, large parts of Southeast Asia and to some extent Brazil.
Coffee beans from countries and different regions can be distinguished by differences in taste, aroma, acidity. The difference in taste is not only dependent on coffee growing region but also depends on the variety of coffee and how to prepare. There are several famous coffee growing region of Colombia coffee, Java coffee and Kona coffee.